I decided to head back to O'Hare Airport yesterday. I wanted to find the planewatching spot that I heard so much about.
Air France is the flag carrier of France. I believe this means that it is somewhat nationalized. It was founded in 1933 after several other airlines of France were merged.
Scandinavian Airlines (or SAS or formerly Scandinavian Airlines System) is the flag carrier for Norway, Sweden and Denmark. It was founded in August of 1946 after the respective flag carriers of those three countries combined to form SAS. It was the first airline to fly a regularly scheduled flight using the polar route (crossing over the North Pole rather than across the continents). This route was popular with many Hollywood stars because it went from Los Angeles to Copenhagen and became a publicity item for SAS. A second polar route was opened when SAS introduced service to Tokyo. They have kind of neat livery.
In 1979, it became USAir and expanded into the south as a result of Airline Deregulation. It was the launch customer for the 737-300. At the time, it was the largest operator of the DC-9 and wanted McDonnell-Douglas to design a replacement. That didn't happen. In the mid 80's, it acquired Pacific Southwest Airlines and Piedmont. Like many other airlines, it had financial problems and in 2015, it merged with American Airlines.
It's first flight was in 2009 and testing was completed in 2011. It received certification in August of 2011 and the first one was delivered to All Nippon Airways in September of that year. It encountered a number of delays in both launch in delivery. In January of 2013, the plane was grounded due to a fire created by its Lithium-Ion batteries. After a redesign of that system, the plane resumed flights in April of that year. Because of that and some other issues, it's not selling as well as expected.